Slovar

Avtorsko pravo; Pravica kopiranja
Copy law, Copyright
is the law that governs copying; the goal of copying regulation is to promote the useful arts for the benefit of the public. The copy law should support sharing information and should restrict the monopolies that are used to limit the rights of the public, such as the digital restrictions management (DRM).
Monopol nad kopiranjem [avtorskih del]
Copy monopoly
is a description for all laws through which the government restricts our freedom to use the books, movies, records and other works. For instance, if you buy a movie in the store, the copy monopoly forbids you from copying it to your friend, sharing it on the Internet or writing the subtitles to the movie.
Avtorske agencije
Collecting societies
are private associations such as GEMA (Germany), SGAE (Spain), OSA (Czechia) registered by the authorities that collect fees from media, printers, copiers, radios and television, and distribute these revenues among the interest groups in the entertainment industry. The root of the word should always be the fact that these societies collect fees, not that they are entitled to the collective administration of the rights, as is the case in some languages.
Svobodna programska oprema
Free software
is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things and that manufacturers of consumer-facing hardware allow user modifications to their hardware.
Odprtokodna programska oprema
Open source software
Software for which the source code is readily available.
Odprt dostop
Open Access
refers to unrestricted online access to articles published in scholarly journals, and increasingly also book chapters or monographs. Open Access should be a standard for publishing at public universities as it offers the quickest way to spread the knowledge to all researchers who are interested in it.
Transparentnost
Transparency
is the quality of an organization which discloses the relevant information to the public. This information should include the decision making processes, finances and accounting of the organization.
Navidezna lastnina
Virtual property
is a term that can be used as an illustrative term to surpass the term intellectual property. It often makes no sense to talk about all these restrictions altogether, but sometimes it expresses your thought clearly. For instance, it makes sense to say that somebody is stealing things, but you certainly cannot steal virtual property. As opposed to some derogatory terms, the term virtual property can be used among academics as well. As with the copy monopoly, it reveals clearly the nature of the term.
Ljudje; državljani; uporabniki
Consumer
The term consumer, when used to refer to computer users, is loaded with assumptions we should reject. Playing a digital recording, or running a program, does not consume it. The terms producer and consumer come from economic theory, and bring with them its narrow perspective and misguided assumptions. They tend to warp your thinking.In addition, describing the users of software as “consumers” presumes a narrow role for them: it regards them as cattle that passively graze on what others make available to them. The shallow economic conception of users as consumers tends to go hand in hand with the idea that published works are mere content. Use the word people or citizen instead.
Informacija
Digital Goods
The term digital goods, as applied to copies of works of authorship, erroneously identifies them with physical goods—which cannot be copied, and which therefore have to be manufactured and sold. Use the word information.
Omejevanje digitalnih pravic
Digital Rights Management (DRM)
refers to technical schemes designed to impose restrictions on computer users. The use of the word “rights” in this term is propaganda, designed to lead you unawares into seeing the issue from the viewpoint of the few that impose the restrictions, and ignoring that of the general public on whom these restrictions are imposed. Use the alternative Digital Restrictions Management.
Navidezna lastnina; intelektualna lastnina
Intellectual property
Publishers and lawyers like to describe copy monopoly as “intellectual property”—a term also applied to patents, trademarks, and other more obscure areas of law. These laws have so little in common, and differ so much, that it is ill-advised to generalize about them. It is best to talk specifically about “copy monopoly,” or about “pharmaceutical monopoly,” or about “trademarks.”The term “intellectual property” carries a hidden assumption—that the way to think about all these disparate issues is based on an analogy with physical objects, and our conception of them as physical property. When it comes to copying, this analogy disregards the crucial difference between material objects and information: information can be copied and shared almost effortlessly, while material objects can’t be. To avoid spreading unnecessary bias and confusion, it is best to adopt a firm policy not to speak or even think in terms of “intellectual property”.

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